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General Detail

President Mr.Pranab Mukherjee
Prime Minister Mr.Narendra Modi
Capital New Delhi
Area total: 3,287,590 sq km
land: 2,973,190 sq km
water: 314,400 sq km
Land Boundaries total: 14,103 km
border countries: Bangladesh 4,053 km, Bhutan 605 km, Burma 1,463 km, China 3,380 km, Nepal 1,690 km, Pakistan 2,912 km
Maritime Claims contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm
Coastline 7,000 km
Overview India - An Overview
Geography and Climate Geography and Climate
History History
Political System Political System
Legal System Legal System
Natural Resources Coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone
Population & its structure 1,000,848,550
Legislative Body Parliament
Official Language Hindi
Major Industrial Cities Mumbai, Calcutta, Kanpur, Jamshedpur etc.
Currency Rupees
Inflation 2.7%
GDP: Purchasing Power Parity -$1.689 trillion
GDP - real growth rate 5.4% 
GDP - per capita -$1,720
GDP - Composition by sector agriculture: 25%
industry: 30%
services: 45%
Economy Overview The Economy
Mineral and Energy Resources India is richly endowed with minerals. They have been only partially exploited, and untill recently were largely reserved for the public sector. There are large deposits of coal, iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, and limestone. The most important sources of commercial energy are coal, gas and oil. Coal and hydropower contribute primarily to electricity production. Crude-oil production has increased considerably, but it is still insufficient to meet the country's requirements and remains the single largest item in the import bill.
Agriculture India produces a wide variety of crops, with food crops predominating over others. The principal crops are rice, wheat, pulses (seeds of leguminous crops), sugarcane, cotton, jute, oilseeds, tea, coffee, and tobacco. Food production in the recent past has been characterized by plentiful supplies and by a substantial increase in the government's buffer stocks. Agricultural production, which constitutes about 32 percent of gross domestic product, significantly influenced by the monsoons.
Industries The private sector controls most of the wholesale, retail and distribution network. Financial services such as banking and insurance are well developed and largely controlled by the government. Investment and leasing companies, although relatively new, are now widely available in the private sector.
The growth areas in the service industry are leasing and other financial services, advertising, market research, tourism, computer software development, telecommunications, and consultancy services.
Transport and Communication Transport and Communication  
International Membership AfDB, AsDB, BIS, C, CCC, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G- 6, G-15, G-19, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA (observer), IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, MIPONUH, MONUA, NAM, OAS (observer), OPCW, PCA, SAARC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNITAR, UNMIBH, UNOMIL, UNOMSIL, UNU, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Foreign Trade Foreign Trade


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