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India -  Tuticorin Port

 

 

TUTICORIN PORT
Tuticorin Port Trust, Port Area. Tuticorin - 628004,
Tel : 35-2290 Fax : 35-2301


INTRODUCTION

Tuticorin was a small town with a rich maritime history. It was the center for maritime trade and pearl fishery. It was ruled by various dynasties like the Pandyas and Cholas, then fell into the hands of the Portuguese and Dutuch before finally coming under the administration of the British. The natural harbour and rich hinterland of Tuticorin Port prompted the East Indian Company to plan the development of the harbour. The lighthouse built in 1842 marked the beginning of the history of Tuticorin Harbour Development Wooden piers and iron screwpile pier were constructed and trolleyrails laid to connect the Port to the railway.

INDEPENDENCE AND AFTER

Tuticorin became the citadel of the freedom in the early 20th centuary. In 1906, the great freedom fighter of India, V.O. Chidambaram Pillai launched the first Swadeshi ship in British India. The minor Port of Tuticorin had a flourishing trade handling a variety of cargoes meant for the neighbouring countries of Sri Lanka, Maldives etc. and the coastal regions of India.

 

Ports

BIRTH OF MAJOR PORT

The Govt. of India sanctioned the construction of a harbour at Tuticorin to cope with the changing requirements of the maritime trade. On the 11 July 1974, the newly constructed Tuticorin Port was declared as the 10th Indian Major Port. On the 1st April 19779, the erstwhile Anchorage Port/Minor Port and the newly constructed harbour were merged into an Integrated Port Trust under the Major Port Trust Act 1963. From then on, Tuticorin Port has had two operational wings:

Zone 'A' comprising of the new Major Port and
Zone 'B'representing the old Anchorage or Minor Port.

 

LOCATION 


Latitude 845'N
Longitude 7813'E

Tuticorin Port is situated on the East Cost of India about 540 kms South West of Madras. Located in the Gulf of Mannar with Sri Lanka on the South East and the large land mass of India on the West. Tuticorin Port is well sheltered from the fury of storms and cyclonic winds. It is strategically located very close to the major international sea routes.

 

CHART  


Tuticorin Harbour and Approaches
Indian Naval Hydrographic 2075

 

METEOROLOGICAL DATA  


Climate Tropical
Tidal Range 1.0 Meter
Max. Temperature 35C
Min. Temperature 20
Annual Rainfall 636 mm (approx.)
 

COMMUNICATION 


Call Sign VWT
Operation 24 Hours
Frequency 487 KHz (R/T 2182)

 

PILOTAGE 

Compulsory, Pilot station at Latitude 844'6 N and Longitude 7813'E Navigational night 24 hours permitted.

 

COMMUNICATION - I 


Road Network Tuticorin Port is well connected to various trading centres within Tamil Nadu and the neighbouring states of Kerala, Karnataka and AP by National/State Highways. Regular bus services are available to several major cities throughout South India.
Railway The Port is linked to the broad-guage railway system of th ecountry. There is a daily express train service between Tuticorin and Madras and other connecting trains to Madurai.
Air Tuticorin is connected by air to other major cities via. Madurai and TRivendrum. journey by road from Tuticorin to Madurai takes 3 hours and Trivandrum 4 hours. Tuticorin is expected to be air linked after the newly commissioned Air Port is served by regular flight service.

 

PORT CONSTRUCTION  


The major Port of Tuticorin is created with a breakwater system jutting into th esea for about 4 km, one of th elongest in th eworld. The Port was designed and executed entirely through indigenous efforts.

 

BREAK WATERS 


Length of North Breakwater 4098.66 meters
Length of South Breakwater 3873.37 meters
Distance between the Breakwaters 1275.00 meters

 

CHANNELS 


Width of approach channel 183.00 meters
Diameter of turning Basin 488.00 meters

 

DRAFTS  


Permissible draft of vessels 8.24 meters
Planned draft of vessels after dredging 10.70 meters
Land Area & Water Sread
  Zone A Zone B
Hectares Acres Hectares Acres
Water Spread 388.80 960.00 14.70 36.31
Land Area 870.75 2150.00 148.13 365.88
 
 
 
 
 

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