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UAE Contents


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General Section








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Tax System

Important Contacts

Important Contacts

General Detail

Chief of State President ZAYID bin Sultan Al Nuhayyan
Head of Government Prime Minister MAKTUM bin Rashid al-Maktum
Capital Abu Dhabi
Location Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia
Area total: 82,880 sq km
land: 82,880 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Land boundaries total: 867 km
border countries: Oman 410 km, Saudi Arabia 457 km
Coastline 1,318 km
Maritime claims contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm
Time GMT +4
Climate Desert; cooler in eastern mountains.
Weather Intellicast, Weather Channel
Natural resources Petroleum, natural gas
Land use arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 2%
forests and woodland: 0%
other: 98% (approx.)
Irrigated land 50 sq km (approx.)
Natural hazards Frequent sand and dust storms
Environment-current issues Lack of natural freshwater resources being overcome by desalination plants; desertification; beach pollution from oil spills
Environment-international agreements party to: Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Law of the Sea
Population 2,262,309 (approx.)
Currency 1 Emirian dirham (Dh) = 100 fils
Population growth rate 1.79% (approx.)
Birth rate 18.46 births/1,000 population (approx.)
Death rate 3.01 deaths/1,000 population (approx.)
Sex ratio total population: 1.56 male(s)/female (approx.)
Infant mortality rate 6.9 deaths/1,000 live births (approx.)
Total fertility rate 15.5 deaths/1,000 live births (approx.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write but definition of literacy not available
Agriculture Agriculture
Religions Muslim 96% (Shi'a 16%), Christian, Hindu, and other 4%
Nationality noun: Emiri(s)
adjective: Emiri
Languages Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
Country name conventional long form : United Arab Emirates
conventional short form: none
local long form
Data code TC
Government type Federation with specified pwers delegated to the UAE federal government and other powers reserved to member emirates
National Capital Abu Dhabi
Independence 2 December 1971(from UK)
Legal system Federal court system introduced in 1971; all emirates except Dubayy (Dubai) and Ras al Khayamah have joined the federal system; all emirates have secular and Islamic law for civil, criminal, and high courts
Judicial branch Union Supreme Court, judges appointed by the president
Flag descripton Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and black with a thicker vertical red band on the hoist side.
GDP purchasing power parity- $72.9 billion (approx.)
GDP-real growth rate 1.4%(approx.)
GDP-composition by sector agriculture2%
Inflation rate-consumer price index 5.2%(approx.)
Labor force total794,400(approx.)
by occupationindustry and commerce 56%, services 38%, agriculture 6%(approx.)
Budget revenues$5.1 billion
expenditures$5.4 billion, including capital expenditure of $NA (approx.)
Industries Petroleum, fishing, petrochemicals, construction materials, some boat building, handicrafts, pearling
Agriculture - products Dates, vegetables, watermelons; poultry, eggs, dairy products; fish
Exports total value$31.3 billion (f.o.b., approx.)
commoditiescrude oil 66%, natural gas, reexports, dried fish, dates
partnersJapan 38%, India 6%, South Korea 6%, Singapore 5%, Iran 4%, Oman 4% (approx.)
Imports total value$22.3 billion (c.i.f., approx.)
commoditiesmanufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, food
partnersJapan 9%, US 8%, UK 8%, Italy 7%, Germany 7%, South Korea 5% (approx.)
Debt - external $14 billion (approx.)
Communications The postal system in the UAE is very modern and the post offices are among the most efficient in the Gulf. Between the UAE and Europe or the USA, mail takes about ten days. To Australia, mail takes about eight to ten days.
There is an excellent telephone system and you can phone anywhere in the world from the most remote areas. Throughout the country there are telephone offices which are equipped to send and receive fax, telex and telegraph messages.
There are several different services available for calling the US.
The MCI access number is 800-1-0001.
The Sprint access number is 800-1-0011.
The AT&T access number is 800-1-0010.
The access number for France Direct is 800-1-9971.
To call the UAE from abroad, the country code is 971 followed by the city code and the local number.
Telephones 677,793 (approx.)
Telephone system Modern system consisting of microwave radio relay and coaxial cable; key centers are Abu Dhabi and Dubai
domestic: microwave radio relay and coaxial cable
international: satellite earth stations-3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean) and 1 Arabsat; submarine cables to Qatar, Bahrain, India, and Pakistan; tropospheric scatter to Bahrain; microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia
Radio broadcast stations AM 8, FM 3, shortwave 0
Radios 545,000 (approx.)
Television broadcast stations 15(approx.)
Televisions 170,000 (approx.)
Highways total4,750 km
Merchant marine total 60 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,128,495 GRT/1,955,344 DWT
ships by typebulk 3, cargo 18, chemical tanker 3, container 6, liquefied gas tanker 1, livestock carrier 1, oil tanker 22, refrigerated cargo 1, roll-on/roll-off cargo 5 (approx.)
Pipelines Crude oil 830 km; natural gas, including natural gas liquids, 870 km
Ports and harbors 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Das Island, Khawr Fakkan, Mina' Jabal 'Ali, Mina' Khalid, Mina' Rashid, Mina' Saqr, Mina' Zayid, Umm al Qaywayn
Transnational Issues  
Disputes - international Location and status of boundary with Saudi Arabia is not final, de facto boundary reflects 1974 agreement; no defined boundary with most of Oman, but Administrative Line in far north; claims two islands in the Persian Gulf occupied by Iran: Lesser Tunb (called Tunb as Sughra in Arabic by UAE and Jazireh-ye Tonb-e Kuchek in Persian by Iran) and Greater Tunb (called Tunb al Kubra in Arabic by UAE and Jazireh-ye Tonb-e Bozorg in Persian by Iran); claims island in the Persian Gulf jointly administered with Iran (called Abu Musa in Arabic by UAE and Jazireh-ye Abu Musa in Persian by Iran) - over which Iran has taken steps to exert unilateral control since 1992, including access restrictions and a military build-up on the island; the UAE has garnered significant diplomatic support in the region in protesting these Iranian actions.
Illicit drugs Growing role as heroin transshipment and money-laundering center due to its proximity to southwest Asian producing countries and the bustling free trade zone in Dubai.

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